War in Ukraine exacerbating ′ already dire ′ global food insecurity – live updates | News | DW

  • Russia proposes new ceasefire for Mariupol steel plant
  • Yellen, Lindner say war has exacerbated ‘already dire’ global food insecurity
  • Germany’s Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock to visit the Baltics starting Wednesday
  • Ukraine set to dominate G20 finance ministers’ meeting, including Russian representation

This article was last updated at 03:49 GMT / UTC.

Moscow calls for Mariupol surrender

Russian forces again called for those still in the besieged Azovstal power plant to surrender by 2pm Moscow time (1100 GMT). They also called on Ukrainian forces to lay down their weapons.

Serhiy Volyna, the commander of the 36th Separate Marine Brigade said his marines “may be facing our last days, if not hours.” He added, “The enemy is outnumbering us 10 to one.”

Thousands of troops and civilians remain at the plant. The mayor of Mariupol described a “horrible situation” where up to 2,000 people, mostly women and children, are trapped without “normal” supplies like water and food.

US Treasury Secretary blames war for exacerbating food insecurity

Janet Yellen, the US Treasury Secretary, said Russia’s war on Ukraine was responsible for stretching “already dire” global food insecurity. She said price and supply shocks had added to global inflationary pressures.

Prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, 10% of the global population faced chronic food insecurity, Yellen said. Economic models suggest at least 10 million more people could be pushed into poverty because of the conflict.

Yellen said that countries should avoid exporting bans that could drive prices higher while stepping up support for vulnerable populations and small-scale farmers.

Germany’s Finance Minister Christian Lindner concurred, calling on countries to “keep agricultural markets open, not stockpile and not withhold stocks, and not impose unjustified export restrictions on agricultural products or nutrients.”

Russia and Ukraine are both major agricultural exporters of foodstuffs, fertilizer and other products.

A hand-written sign in a German supermarket asking consumers to only purchase one packet of flour.

Even in a country like Germany with high per capita spending power, supermarket shelves again have signs reminiscent of the COVID lockdown, asking customers to limit purchases of products like flour, sunflower oil and rice

US: Ukraine received planes, parts to bolster air force

Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said Ukraine has received fighter planes and aircraft parts to bolster its air force.

“Right now have more fixed-wing fighter aircraft available to them than they did two weeks ago,” Kirby said, adding, “Other nations who have experience with those kinds of aircraft have been able to help them get more aircraft up and running. “

Kirby declined to specify how many aircraft or their origin.

The Pentagon announcement comes one week after US President Joe Biden unveiled $ 800 million in military aid for Ukraine.

IAEA: ‘Direct communications’ to Chernobyl restored

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Rafael Grossi said “direct communications” between Chernobyl and Ukraine’s national regulator have been restored.

The IAEA said contact between the defunct Chernobyl nuclear power plant, site of the world’s worst nuclear catastrophe at the time the reactor exploded due to human error in 1986, and Ukraine’s national regulator had been lost for “more than a month” when Russian forces occupied the facility.

Grossi said, “This was clearly not a sustainable situation, and it is very good news that the regulator can now contact the plant directly when it needs to.”

According to the IAEA, Russia told its troops left the area on March 31 having held the site for five weeks.

Summary of Tuesday’s events in Russia’s war on Ukraine

The UN said the number of people to have fled Ukraine hit 5 million, with a further 7 million people internally displaced by the fighting.

Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Iryna Vereshchuk reported that 76 prisoners of war were being returned to the country as part of the fourth exchange of captives with Russia.

Russia says it has opened a corridor so that Ukrainian troops trapped in a steel plant in the besieged city of Mariupol can leave if they agree to surrender their weapons.

Russia’s Defense Ministry demanded that measures be taken to release civilians from the Azovstal metallurgical plant in the besieged Ukrainian city of Mariupol. Azovstal is the last remaining pocket of Ukrainian resistance in the key southeastern port.

According to the governor of the Luhansk region, Russian forces have seized the city of Kreminna, a city of around 18,000 people, in eastern Ukraine.

Four people including three emergency service officials defusing unexploded ordinance were among the dead in the northeastern Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, the city’s mayor said. Kharkiv is near the front lines and has faced repeated shelling from Russian forces.

US President Joe Biden discussed further action concerning the Ukraine war in a call with G7, NATO and EU leaders. Biden, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pledged to send more artillery weaponry to Ukraine.

Ukraine’s allies have agreed to provide artillery to fight a Russian advance, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said, albeit again ruling out direct NATO involvement in the conflict.

Czech authorities have launched a preliminary investigation into possible war crimes committed by Russian forces in Ukraine.

The British Defense Ministry said Russian shelling and strikes on the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine continued, but Ukrainian forces managed to repel numerous attempted advances. Britain has announced plans to revoke the Moscow Stock Exchange’s status as a recognized stock exchange in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The European Commission has given the green light to a € 20 billion ($ 21.6 billion) German scheme to help companies affected by the fallout of the war in Ukraine. The EU executive also approved € 836 million in Polish state aid to support farmers hit by rising fertilizer costs.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres denounced Russia’s new offensive in eastern Ukraine and called for a four-day truce to mark Orthodox Holy Week.

You can revisit our live updates from April 19 here.

ar / msh (AFP, AP, dpa, Reuters)

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